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Thirty-Ninth Annual Report 


Trustees of Shaw University 


Secretary of the American Baptist 
Home Mission Society 

Presidents Report 

Raleigh, N. C, May 31, 1904. 

Dear Brethren: — I herewith submit my tenth annual report, which 
is the thirty-ninth since the establishment of the institution. The 
enrollment for the year ended May 31st was 499. This is the largest 
since I have been connected with the institution, and the largest in 
any year since the standard of admission was raised. On account of 
limited accommodations we were obliged to refuse a large number of 
applicants, and for several months we had a waiting list. 

The year has not been satisfactory financially. The weather has 
been the severest that I have known since I came to the State, and 
this necessitated the purchasing of a larger amount of fuel than 
ordinarily. Groceries and other supplies have also been high. These 
two factors, with a slight increase in wages paid, account for the 
deficit. It ought to be said in this connection that $300.00 were con- 
tributed at' the last State Convention and sent to the Home Mission 
Society for the benefit of the Theological Department. The collec- 
tions have been well kept up, and to-day there is but $308.85 due from 
the students in all departments. 

The Cooking School has been in successful operation during the 
year, and has been very popular. As only one teacher was em- 
ployed, instruction could not be given to all the girls, every one of 
whom was anxious to receive it. 

The heating plant has been very satisfactory, and I do not see how 
we could have avoided closing up some of our dormitories during 
our severe weather, if the system of heating from a central plant 
had not been introduced. 

Only minor repairs have been made during the year, as the build- 
ings generally were in fairly good condition. The hospital, the 
shops, and all the tin roofs have been painted, and most of this work 
was done by our students. The industrial work has been extended 
by the addition of a masonry and bricklaying department and also 
house painting. The institution is now in condition to make nearly 
all repairs that may be called for upon any of the buildings or in 
any department. Several of the buildings need painting, and this 
•can be done under the direction of the Superintendent of the Indus- 
trial Departments during the next school year. During the summer 
vacation considerable work needs to be done on the walls and ceil- 
ings of the dormitories. The most urgent improvements needed are 
fire escapes on Bstey, Shaw and the Medical Dormitory. These 
buildings are reasonably protected, but there ought to be an addi- 
tional fire escape upon the east end of Estey. The veranda on the 


west end of Shaw should be rebuilt and extended to the fourth story, 
and there should be fire escapes on both ends of the Medical Dormi- 
tory. The Medical Dormitory, like the other two< buildings, is fairly 
well protected, for, above the first floor, there are two flights of 
stairs, at either end of the building. Long ropes, securely fastened, 
have also been placed in the west end of Shaw Hall on the third and 
fourth floors. 

The year closing to-day has been one of the most trying in my 
administration. The large attendance has crowded the dormitories, 
and the lack of rooms for the teachers has made it necessary in three 
instances to hire rooms away from the campus. There ought to be 
a large addition to Estey to provide room for the girls' industrial 
work and save the crowding in the dormitories. It has been utterly 
impossible to seat comfortably in our dining-room the large number 
of students. The laundry has also been unequal to the demands 
made upon it. It is absolutely necessary to keep the attendance at 
about the present enrollment in order to meet the running expenses 
of the institution, and we can not continue our present enrollment 
in comfort without the additional improvements called for. If 
there were erected a large central building to contain the chapel, 
fourteen or fifteen class-rooms, library and offices, the present office 
building could be devoted entirely to the use of the teachers and the 
basement of Shaw building could be cut up into dormitories. A 
large substantial building for the men's industrial department is 
needed to meet the increased demands. This, together with the other 
improvements suggested, would relieve the pressure under which we 
have suffered during the past year. The hospital has been some- 
what improved, but we need a larger and better equipped building. 
The operating room has been completed, and is one of the finest in 
this part of the country, and none anywhere could be better adapted 
to the purpose for which it is designed. The chemical laboratory 
in the Leonard Medical Building has not yet been completed for 
lack of means. It will be utterly impossible to keep up the stand- 
ard of our medical school unless the laboratory is provided, and 
also a biological laboratory where microscopic work can be carried 
on. We have no laboratory in any of the literary departments, and 
work in the natural sciences can not be done to meet the demands of 
the day. The teaching force has also been insufficient for the large 
number of students enrolled, and some of the classes have been 
larger than a teacher ought to be required to carry. 

I have recently learned that the Trustees of the Slater Fund have 
appropriated $2,500.00 for the next year for Shaw. You remember 
that I stated in my last report that they had increased the appropria- 
tion $500.00 on condition that the institution would raise $500.00 
additional. This we were not able to do, and therefore did not get 
the increase promised. 

The Law Department has been conducted as last year, and has not 
been a financial drain as it was for several years. 

The moral and religious life of the institution during the year has 
been good. There were special revival services in the early part of 
the year, and several conversions resulted. Prayer, Temperance 
and Missionary meetings, and the weekly gatherings of the literary 
societies have been well sustained. The behaviour of the students 
in all departments has on the whole been very satisfactory. 

I wish to call your attention to the Missionary Training School, 
which has been conducted as a department of Shaw University for 
eleven years. The attendance this year has been only nine, and 
there seems to be a lack of intelligent interest on the part of the 
people in the work of this department. In view of the lack of inter- 
est and the crowded condition of the other departments, I believe 
it would be best for this department to be discontinued after proper 
notice has been given to the Women's Society in Chicago. The 
Missionary Training department has two teachers who have been 
faithful and conscientious in the discharge of their duties, and the 
students have also received instruction in sewing in the girls' de- 
partment. The buildings could be used for a hospital, or they could 
be made to relieve the pressure in Estey or the office building. I do 
not make this recommendation because I am not in hearty sympathy 
with the school or because I do not realize fully the important char- 
acter of its work. The small attendance shows that there is a lack 
of appreciation on the part of the people, and for this reason I 
recommend its discontinuance. 

If the recommendations that I have made in regard to improve- 
ments and enlargements can be carried out, the efficiency of the 
institution will be much greater. I do not believe it is best to enroll 
over five or six hundred students at the most, and I am not aiming 
at any special increase in attendance. We must, however, provide 
proper conveniences for a number equal to the attendance of the last 
two years, or we can not continue to make satisfactory progress. 
This is a favorable time to inaugurate improvements, for there is a 
very close sympathy between the people, the State Convention and 
the University, and there is also a growing recognition on the part 
of the white people of the service Shaw University is rendering the 
colored people of North Carolina and the entire South. 

In our student body this year we have had representatives from 
every Southern State and many of the Northern States, as well as 
Africa, Central America, South America, the West Indies and Cana- 
da. More than two hundred and fifty students have already been 
admitted for the next school year. 

At the April Commencement, twenty-one were graduated in Medi- 
cine and seven in Pharmacy. At the May Commencement three 
were graduated from the Missionary Training School, four from the 
College and Normal Departments, and fourteen in the Industrial 
Departments were given certificates. 


I append herewith my financial report that has been forwarded to 
Mr. Frank T. Moulton, Treasurer. 

Medical Department, 

Tuition $2063 . 00 

Board 5764.25 

Contributions 411 . 15 

Old accounts 69.74 

Slater Fund 1000 . 00 

J. W. Leonard Fund 250 . 00 

Sundries 90.98 

Deficit 1633 . 05 



School supplies $342 . 01 

Boarding department 2672 . 75 

Repairs 231.34 

Additions to property 232 . 29 

Student labor 258 . 58 


Jas. McKee $650 . 00 

A. W. Knox 650.00 

K. P. Battle 650.00 

W. I. Royster 650.00 

R. H. Lewis 325.00 

J. M. Pickel 650 . 00 

A. W. Goodwin 650 . 00 

Hosp. nurse 145 . 93 

Hosp. superintendent 148.75 

Janitor and stenographer 680.34 

Literary teachers' services 1326 . 13 



Dissecting material, diplomas, printing, 
travelling expenses, rebates, etc 1019.05 


Pharmacy Department. 


Tuition $662 . 00 

Board 1010 . 00 

Contributions 50 . 00 

Old accounts . ., 8.00 

Deficit 584 . 13 



School supplies $94 . 22 

Boarding department 736 . 36 


Wm. Simpson f 100 . 00 

C. B. Crowell 550 . 00 

Service of janitor and stenographer 187.44 

Service of literary teachers 365.36 



Diplomas, etc. 280 . 

Law Department. 


Tuition $116.00 

Board 218 . 00 

Old accounts 12 . 00 

Deficit 292 . 59 


School supplies §3.85 

Boarding department 192.00 

Salary — E. A. Johnson 334 . 00 

Rebate 76 . 00 

Sundries 32 . 74 

Literary Depart^iext. 


Tuition $2884.62 

Board 8278.79 

Contributions 1 4 *-'' 2 . 09 

Old accounts 112.71 

Slater Fund 1500 . 00 

All other sources 264.56 

Proportional sum from L. M. S 6432.30 


School supplies 222 . 49 

Boarding department 11102 . 19 

Repairs 1332 . 61 

Special improvements 227 . 33 

Student labor 757 . 03 






M. L. Hamilton $400 . 00 

J. M. Linton, on account 187.50 

A. S. Hayward, on account 112.50 

M. M. Roberts 200 . 00 

I. L. Bronson 400 . 00 

L. Riddick, on account 20.00 

M. Hamlin, on account 180.00 

Five assistants 1120.00 

Other employees 1269 . 05 


Gratuities in rebates 339 . 50 


Travelling expenses, printing, diplomas,tec. 1893.03 

Cooking school 339.17 

Deficit 1902-1903 540 . 08 

Surplus 292.59 

Literary Department. 

appropriation s . 

A. B. H. M. S $8180.00 

Woman's Society, Chicago 680 . 00 


Chas. F Meserve 2000 . 00 

N. F. Roberts 650.00 

A. W. Pegues 800 . 00 

M. D. Bowen 500 . 00 

C. R. Frazer 500.00 

J. L. Levister 600 . 00 

G. A. Edwards 800 . 00 

Ida J. Brown 500 . 00 

Jennie M. Linton, on account 62 . 50 

Abby L. Williams . 450 . 00 

Charlotte Murray 480 . 00 

Martha A. Harris 400 . 00 

Annie S. Hayward, on account 37.50 

Emily C. Ayer 400 . 00 

Emma L. Miller 360 . 00 

May C. Hamilton 320 . 00 






Medical Department $9649 . 12 

Pharmacy Department 1730 . 00 

Law Department 346 . 00 

Literary Department 14502 . 77 

Appropriations for salaries 8860 . 00 

Deficit 2217.18 


Medical Department 4849.87 

Pharmacy Department 2314 . 13 

Law Department 638 . 59 

Literary Department 20642 . 48 

Salaries from appropriations 8860.00 


Fraternally submitted,